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New efficiency record set for perovskite LEDs

last modified Nov 07, 2018 01:29 PM

Researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best organic LEDs (OLEDs). 

Compared to OLEDs, which are widely used in high-end consumer electronics, the perovskite-based LEDs, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, can be made at much lower costs, and can be tuned to emit light across the visible and near-infrared spectra with high colour purity.

The researchers have engineered the perovskite layer in the LEDs to show close to 100% internal luminescence efficiency, opening up future applications in display, lighting and communications, as well as next-generation solar cells. The materials are of the same type as those found to make highly efficient solar cells that could one day replace commercial silicon solar cells. Although perovskite-based LEDs have already been developed, the efficiency has not been as high as conventional OLEDs at converting electricity into light. 

“This perovskite-polymer structure effectively eliminates non-emissive losses, the first time this has been achieved in a perovskite-based device,” said Dr Dawei Di from Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory, one of the corresponding authors of the paper. “By blending the two, we can basically prevent the electrons and positive charges from recombining via the defects in the perovskite structure.”

 

Click here to read the full University article.

Click here for the Nature Photonics publication.